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          HYDRODRIVE®
          SYSTEMS AND CONTROLS PVT. LTD.

Copyright © 2013 HYDRODRIVE SYSTEMS AND CONTROLS PVT LTD.

                                                                                                                                                             ®

HYDRODRIVE

HYDROBURN 

IS

A PETROLEUM BASED

e-FUEL 

BLENDED WITH

OFFERING MORE ENERGY 

WITH 

SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE THAN ULTRA LOW SULFUR FUELS

FOR MEETING GLOBAL ENERGY NEEDS

 

PATENTED IN MANY COUNTRIES

 

ENVIRONMENT BENEFITS:

 70% REDUCTION

IN

NOx ,SMOKE AND PARTICULATES !.

 

ECONOMICS 

COSTS 25% LOWER THAN CONVENTIONAL FOSSIL FUELS !.

REDUCES FUEL BILL

 

APPLICATIONS

BOILERS, FURNACES, ROOM HEATING

ALL EXTERNAL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS

GAS TURBINES

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES 

DIESEL POWER PLANTS

AGRICULTURAL PUMP SETS

TRACTORS

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS

FISHING TRAWLERS

SHIP ENGINES & BOATS

GASOLINE POWER GENERATORS 

LAWN MOVERS 

TWO WHEELERS & AUTOMOBILES !.

e-FUEL 

IS 

PETROLEUM BASED GREEN FUEL 

WITH 

LUBRICATION AND NON CORROSION PROPERTIES

 

PRODUCED

ON DEMAND AT YOUR PLACE OF USE !.

AVOIDS FUEL STABILITY PROBLEMS!.

AVOIDS DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE !.

NO ADDITIVES USED!.

 

HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL MEANS:

HYDROBURN Power e-FUEL means a petroleum based GREEN FUEL blended with MOLECULAR ENGINEERED water rich in electrons produced by a technology patented in Great Britain, India, Canada, Philippines and rights pending in several countries involving " A PROCESS AND SYNTHESIZER FOR MOLECULAR ENGINEERING OF MATERIALS (Great Britain Patent No. GB 2397782,India Patent No.200286,Canada Patent No.2,464,955,
Philippines Patent No 1-2002-000238)

WHAT MAKES HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL EXCEL?

As against conventional reduction of surface tension and adsorption of molecules with surfactants /additives limiting the blending of different types of fuels with water and increasing the cost of the emulsified fuels, the MOLECULAR ENGINEERED water rich in wet electrons produced by the patented Hydrodrive's PROCESS and the SYNTHESIZER makes HYDROPHILIC ADHESIONS a reality at economical cost due to changed VAN DER WALLS forces created by electrostatic effects and interfacial surface tension.

HYDROBURN e-FUEL TECHNOLOGY OFFERS ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY BENEFITS :

IN BOILERS, FURNACES AND EXTERNAL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS:

HYDROBURN Power e- fuel produce MICRO EXPLOSIONS leading to secondary atomization which facilitates reduction in the air required for combustion because of more thorough mixing of the fragmented fuel droplets and combustion air. Reduced excess air reduces the conversion of fuel sulfur to SO3.

 

Hydrodrive Hydroburn Emulsified Power Fuel Burns With Micro ...
Hydrodrive Hydroburn Emulsified Power Fuel Burns With Micro Explosions ! - from WN Network. WorldNews delivers latest Breaking news including World News, ...
wn.com/HYDRODRIVE_HYDROBURN_ EMULSIFIED_PO...

Reduction in SO3 conversion also reduces low temperature corrosion and inhibits the formation of acid mist. Furthermore, decreased excess air inhibits the oxidation of vanadium pentoxide, which reduces corrosion, and the deposition of vanadium complexes on the fireside of the boiler. Flame length and lower excess air should be the key contributor leading to lower fireside fouling.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF HYDROBURN POWER e- FUEL:

Improved Combustion Properties

  • Increases Primary and Secondary Atomization
  • More Complete and Even Burning
  • Reduces Unburned Carbon
  • Shortens Flame Length
  • Reduces Flame Impingement
  • Reduces SO3 Emissions
  • Reduces NOx Emissions
  • Reduces V2O5 Formation
  • Reduces Particulate Emissions

Resulting Operational Benefits

  • Increases Thermal Efficiency
  • Improves Heat Transfer
  • Lowers Excess Oxygen Requirements
  • Eliminates the Need for Combustion Additives (MgO)
  • Reduces Maintenance
  • Reduces Boiler Cleaning
  • Reduces Soot Blowing
  • Reduces Acid Mist
  • Reduces Back-End Fouling
  • Reduces Back-End Corrosion
HYDROBURN
POWER e-FUEL USED WITH A THERMAX -AQUATHERM  FULLY AUTOMATIC WATER BOILER:

BOILER DETAILS:

TYPE                                                                                 : AQUATHERM-4031 

                                                                                              Fully Automatic Water 

                                                                                              Boiler.

MODEL                                                                            : ATH-02/L/12

FUEL                                                                                 : LDO / HSD

YEAR                                                                                : 1997

POWER SUPPLY                                                           :  415 V ,3 PHASE 50 CYCLES

CONNECTED LOAD                                                     : 5 K.W

OUTPUT                                                                           :  0.23 M.W

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE                                        : 140 DEGREES C

MANUFACTURER                                                          : THERMAX LTD,

                                                                                               CHINCHWAD,

                                                                                               PUNE-41101I.      BOILER FUEL CONSUMPTION DETAILS:

 

WITH HIGH SPEED DIESEL (HSD) AS FUEL         : 200 LITRES  FOR

                                                                                             16 HRS WORKING 

                                                                                             PER DAY.

WITH  HYDROBURN e-FUEL OF (25% WATER AND 75 % HIGH SPEED  DIESEL) 

AS FUEL                                                                          : 150 LITRES FOR    

                                                                                             16 HRS WORKING

                                                                                             PER DAY

FUEL SAVINGS PER DAY                                          : 50 LITRES

In summary, e- fuel will  solve a major problem confronting utilities today--the need to reduce unburned carbon and O2 to produce more complete combustion minimizing particulate emissions and fireside fouling.

HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e- FUEL SYSTEM FOR A BOILER:

 

RESPECTED FORMER PRESIDENT OF INDIA -DR.A.P.J.ABDUL KALAM INSPECTING THE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL SYSTEM: 

HYDRODRIVE POWER e- FUEL FLAME IN A BOILER

BRIEF VIDEO AT:

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=DF_9U2Sls4Y

HOW MUCH FUEL AND CASH YOU SAVE IN A TYPICAL INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION ?.

http://khup.com/view/18_ keyword-emulsified-fuel/ hydrodrive.html

IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES:

 

 

HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL FEATURES:

1. No engine modification
2. Install premix tank
3. Install auto premix/diesel fuel mixer
4. Install fuel preheating system add-on.
5.FUEL COSTS 25% LESS THAN THE MARKET PRICE 

ADD ON DUAL FUEL SYSTEM CONVERSION:

The fuel supply system needs to be converted to a dual fuel system before using HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL.

This conversion is completely reversible i.e. the add-on conversion unit can be easily removed.

KEY FUNCTIONS OF HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL CONVERSION KIT FOR ENGINES:

* Allows the engine to run on either diesel /gasoline or HYDROBURN 

   POWER e-FUEL 

* Preheats fuel using the engine’s coolant


* Provision to purge fuel line of HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL 

   before engine shut down and run engine with conventional fuel for 5 

   minutes before shut down to ensure NO WATER in the combustion 

   cylinders and in the fuel pump and fuel system.


* Facilitates easy starting using diesel & switching to HYDROBURN

   POWER e-FUEL  when  engine warms up.


* Auto/Manual Switching to HYDROBURN  POWER e-FUEL


* On-board fuel blending assures fuel homogeneity


* No HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL stability issue


* User friendly


HOW HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL IS MADE?.

HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL consists of 75 parts (v/v) Diesel and 25 parts (v/v) nano cluster water rich in wet electrons.

Nano cluster water rich in wet electrons carrying a charge enable the droplets to encase the fuel oil. Each water droplet has a charge that enables it to bind with diesel or gasoline or most of the oils. This premix water is mixed onboard vessel/vehicle or on-site using the proprietary patented synthesizer for Molecular Engineering with a fuel mixing equipment to produce water-in-diesel e- fuel.

HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL is produced ON-DEMAND

No stability issue.

Delivery and storage of Premix Water is non-hazardous and safe.

WILL EMULSIFIED FUEL DAMAGE THE ENGINE?

The Energy Saving Trust (UK) Says

There should be no change in maintenance costs when using good quality emulsion fuels as these do not adversely affect engine condition or durability.

The CEN Says

Emulsion Fuels are as safe as commercial diesel and bring a high level of protection against corrosion and wear in the engine.

WHY IS EMULSIFIED FUEL SAFE?

COMBUSTION

Combustion or burning is a complex sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat or both heat and light in the form of either a glow or flames.

In a complete combustion reaction, a compound reacts with an oxidizing element, such as oxygen, and the products are compounds of each element in the fuel with the oxidizing element. For example:

CH4 + 2O2 ? CO2 + 2H2O + heat

A simpler example can be seen in the combustion of hydrogen and oxygen, which is a commonly used reaction in rocket engines:

2H2 + O2 ? 2H2O + heat

The result is simply water vapor.

FACTS

1. Combustion of Hydrocarbons produces water.


2. Water (Superheated Steam) is already present inside combustion      
  

    chambers and exhaust line


3. Water component in the emulsified fuel instantly flashes into steam 

    upon entering hot combustion chamber of diesel engine/gasoline 

    engine/boiler.


4. Superheated Steam (Dry Steam) - widely used in steam turbines - is 

    not known to cause damage to turbine blades.


5. Each water droplet is encased in diesel.


6. Water does not come into contact with the fuel system and injectors.


7. Preheating reduces viscosity to minimize risk of long-term wear on 

    fuel injection pumps.

REDUCTION OF THE SPECIFIC FUEL CONSUMPTION WITH POWER e-FUEL/WATER EMULSIFIED DIESEL IS ATTRIBUTED TO THE FOLLOWING EFFECTS:

(1) Formation of a finer spray due to rapid evaporation of 

     water (micro-explosion).

(2) More air entrained in the spray due to increased momentum and 

     penetrating force.

(3) More fuel burning in premixed combustion due to a longer ignition 

     delay.

(4) Increase in the local excess air ratio due to the water content.

(5)Decrease in cooling loss due to a lower flame temperature.

(6) Suppression of thermal dissociation.

(7) More combustion product gas due to water vapor

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL IS INJECTED INTO AN ENGINE ?.

Due to the discrepancy of the boiling point between the diesel and the water (boiling point of water 100 degree C, boiling point of the diesel 185 degree C) so that the emulsion fuel drops divided into finer particles and its leads to increasing the volatility of the fuel and that affect clearly on the combustion efficiency. The mixture is immediately injected and atomized within the engine's combustion chamber. The heat inside the combustion chamber causes the water droplets to vaporize into steam. Creating the steam uses up energy and lowers the peak combustion temperature.At the same time, when the water droplets vaporize, they produce "micro-explosions" inside the surrounding fuel droplets. The micro-explosions expose more of the fuel's surface area to the air, which increases combustion. Just as a block of ice melts (i.e., releases energy) faster when it's shattered into small chips the fuel burns (releases energy) more completely after it has been shattered by the micro-explosions also release the water's two elements - hydrogen and oxygen. The additional oxygen inhibits the formation of the compound called PAH (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons). During combustion, PAH is not burned completely; the unburned PAH becomes particulate matter (PM). By reducing the amount of PAH,the additional oxygen also reduces the production of PM.

The reduction is on the order of two to three times the water content of the water-in-fuel emulsion (i.e., a 20% water content would reduce PAH- generated particulate matter by 40 to 60%).

The torque is a function of engine speed, at low speed, torque increase as engine speed increase, reaches a maximum value, then the speed increases. As the percentage of water in the emulsion increases, the torque produced will increase as shown below in the figure. This may be attributed to the additional force on top of piston provided by the pressure exerted by the steam. When the charge is fired in the cylinder, the water would turn to high-pressure steam. In addition, the higher viscosity of the emulsified fuel than that of the base fuel (diesel) and the presence of water promote a finer, cloud like atomization of the emulsified mixture during injection. Result is improvement of efficiency significantly.

ENGINE SPEED Vs ENGINE TORQUE WITH e-FUEL FOR DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT

The effect of the emulsion on the engine power is shown below. The power increases as engine speed increases, and decreases at higher speeds, this is because friction losses increase with speed and become the dominant factor at very high speed. Also the Fig.shows that the power increases slightly as the water percentage increases. The increase in power output for the emulsion is because water in the emulsion influences combustion of the fuel. It was found that the introduction of water in diesel prolongs the ignition delay. The ignition delay period is when the fuel that has been injected into the cylinder is undergoing chemical and physical preparation for combustion. Thus, the emulsion fuel requires less compression (negative) work than the diesel due to the longer ignition delay during the compression stroke. This helps to reach a higher peak pressure after TDC to produce more power output during the expansion stroke.

In addition, when the ignition delay increases, more diesels would be physically prepared (evaporation, mixing) for chemical reaction, which increases the amount of diesel burned and the rate of heat release in the premixed burning. This result enhances the combustion and improves the combustion efficiency.

ENGINE POWER Vs ENGINE SPEED WITH e-FUEL FOR DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT.

Figure below shows that as the water percentage in the emulsion increases, the brake efficiency causes the BSFC will increase then the efficiency will increase, this is because as the percentage of water in the emulsion increases, a larger amount of diesel is displaced by an equal amount of water. This means that less diesel fuel is actually contained within each volume of the emulsion. It is clear from Figure below that as the percentage of water of the emulsion increases, BSFC of diesel decreases. The minimum value occurs at a water percentage 25% by volume.

ENGINE BRAKE EFFICIENCY  Vs ENGINE SPEED WITH e-FUEL FOR DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT.

 

COMPARISON OF EMULSIFIED FUEL AND RESIDUAL FUEL OIL

 

       CONVENTIONAL                                  MOLECULAR ENGINEERED

      EMULSIFICATION                                  EMULSIFICATION      

       HYDROPHOBIC                                        HYDROPHILIC

            MOIETY                                         MOIETY             

 

CONVENTIONAL EMULSIFICATION

VERSUS

MOLECULAR ENGINEERED EMULSIFICATION

 

 

 

The immiscible water phase acts as an ion -sink for the charged species in the oily solvent.

Ions from the oil strongly partition into the higher dielectric constant water phase.

Ion drainage and self-charging through preferential partitioning are intrinsic properties of oil-water mixtures.

Electric field/charge-drives particle adsorption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONVENTIONAL FUEL-OIL FLAME   

 

FLAME DUE TO SECONDARY ATOMIZATION BY e-FUEL 

 

SCALING AROUND TUBES WITH CONVENTIONAL FUEL

BOILER AFTER BURNING e- FUEL FOR 3 MONTHS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOILER PHOTOGRAPHS WITH HYDROBURN TECHNOLOGY IN USE

 

EMULSIFIED FUEL COMBUSTION IN A GAS TURBINE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOAD TEST RESULTS

   HYDRODRIVE

  HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL IN A DOMESTIC DIESEL GENERATOR

 

  TESTS CONDUCTED IN AN ENGINEERING COLLEGE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 

LABORATORY AT COIMBATORE.

 
Make:Kirloskar                                                     
Model: AV1-5hp@1500rpm
Water-cooled, Vertical, 4 stroke cycle, Direct injection, Naturally aspirated.
Gravity feed fuel system with efficient paper element filter, Force Feed
Lubrication to main and large end bearings and camshaft bush,
Suitable for run- through or thermosyphon cooling

ENGINE SPECIFICATION:

No. of cylinders

One

Bore x Stroke

80 x 110 mm

Cubic Capacity

0.553 lit

Compression Ratio

16.5 : 1

Rated Output as per BS5514/ISO 3046/IS 10001

3.7 kW(5.0 hp) at 1500 rpm.

SFC at rated hp/1500 rpm

245 g/kWh(180 g/bhp-hr)

Lub Oil Consumption

1.0% of SFC max.

Lub Oil Sump Capacity

3.3 lit.

Fuel Tank Capacity

6.5 lit

Fuel Tank re-filling time period

Every 6 hours engine running at rated output

Engine Weight(dry) w/o flywheel

114 kg

Weight of flywheel

33kg - Standard

Rotation while looking at the flywheel

Clockwise.
Optional - Anticlockwise

Power Take-off

Flywheel end.
Optional-Gear end half or full speed

Starting

Hand start with cranking handle.

 

ALTERNATOR SPECIFICATION:  

 

 

 

 

 

FOLLOWING TABLES SHOWS LOAD TEST RESULTS FOR DIESEL 

AND 

FOR VARIOUS PERCENTAGE WATER CONTENT IN THE DIESEL 

HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL:

 

     NOTE:

     The FUEL CONSUMPTION in ALL TABLES BELOW include the PROPORTIONATE 

     VOLUME OF WATER in the DIESEL which would mean DEFINITE FUEL SAVINGS 

     to the extent of VOLUME/WEIGHT of water in the mix though the values of

     TFC and SFC appear to be more or less same or slightly more than that recorded

     for 100% diesel against particular loads. It should be appreciated that the fuel pump 

     is a constant discharge pump.

      

     FOR 90% diesel + 10% water:

    FOR 80% diesel+ 20% water:

 

 FOR 70% diesel + 30% water:

    FOR 60% diesel + 40% water:

 EXHAUST TEMPERATURE FOR VARIOUS PERCENTAGE OF WATER IN THE DIESEL

 FOR VARIOUS LOAD CONDITIONS:

 

1.FOR 100% DIESEL

S.NO

LOAD CONDITION

VOLTS

AMPS

SPEED IN RPM

EXHAUST TEMP IN DEG C

1

0%

230

0

1640

141

2

25%

230

3

1594

158

3

50%

230

6

1550

176

4

75%

230

9

1543

198

5

100%

230

12

1537

223

2.FOR 90% DIESEL+10% MIXTURE

S.NO

LOAD CONDITION

VOLTS

AMPS

SPEED IN RPM

EXHAUST TEMP

IN DEG C

1

0%

230

0

1632

139

2

25%

230

3

1591

151

3

50%

230

6

1550

177

4

75%

230

9

1543

194

5

100%

230

12

1530

214

3.FOR 80% DIESEL+20% MIXTURE

S.NO

LOAD CONDITION

VOLTS

AMPS

SPEED IN RPM

EXHAUST TEMP

IN DEG C

1

0%

230

0

1620

127

2

25%

230

3

1591

151

3

50%

230

6

1550

167

4

75%

230

9

1543

183

5

100%

230

12

1530

207

4.FOR 70% DIESEL+30% MIXTURE

S.NO

LOAD CONDITION

VOLTS

AMPS

SPEED IN RPM

EXHAUST TEMP

IN DEG C

1

0%

230

0

1608

113

2

25%

230

3

1545

144

3

50%

230

6

1534

158

4

75%

230

9

1523

170

5

100%

230

12

1512

199

5.FOR 60% DIESEL+40% MIXTURE

S.NO

LOAD CONDITION

VOLTS

AMPS

SPEED IN RPM

EXHAUST TEMP

IN DEG C

1

0%

230

0

1594

109

2

25%

230

3

1541

124

3

50%

230

6

1530

139

4

75%

230

9

1513

155

5

100%

230

12

1494

173

          HYDROBURN WATER FUEL FLAMES WITH 50% WATER AND 50% DIESEL MOVIE AT:

Hydrodrive Hydroburn Emulsified Power Fuel Burns With Micro Explosions ! - from WN Network. WorldNews delivers latest Breaking news including World News, ...
wn.com/HYDRODRIVE_HYDROBURN_ EMULSIFIED_PO...

          

                                                                                       

 

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