SYSTEMS AND CONTROLS PVT. LTD.
A PETROLEUM BASED
OFFERING MORE ENERGY
SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE THAN ULTRA LOW SULFUR FUELS
FOR MEETING GLOBAL ENERGY NEEDS
PATENTED IN MANY COUNTRIES
NOx ,SMOKE AND PARTICULATES !.
COSTS 25% LOWER THAN CONVENTIONAL FOSSIL FUELS !.
REDUCES FUEL BILL
BOILERS, FURNACES, ROOM HEATING
ALL EXTERNAL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
DIESEL POWER PLANTS
AGRICULTURAL PUMP SETS
SHIP ENGINES & BOATS
GASOLINE POWER GENERATORS
TWO WHEELERS & AUTOMOBILES !.
PETROLEUM BASED GREEN FUEL
LUBRICATION AND NON CORROSION PROPERTIES
ON DEMAND AT YOUR PLACE OF USE !.
AVOIDS FUEL STABILITY PROBLEMS!.
AVOIDS DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE !.
NO ADDITIVES USED!.
means a petroleum based GREEN FUEL blended with MOLECULAR ENGINEERED
water rich in electrons produced by a technology patented in Great
Britain, India, Canada, Philippines and rights pending
countries involving " A PROCESS AND SYNTHESIZER FOR MOLECULAR
ENGINEERING OF MATERIALS (Great Britain Patent No. GB 2397782,India
Patent No.200286,Canada Patent No.2,464,955,
WHAT MAKES HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL EXCEL?
As against conventional reduction of surface tension and adsorption of molecules with surfactants /additives limiting the blending of different types of fuels with water and increasing the cost of the emulsified fuels, the MOLECULAR ENGINEERED water rich in wet electrons produced by the patented Hydrodrive's PROCESS and the SYNTHESIZER makes HYDROPHILIC ADHESIONS a reality at economical cost due to changed VAN DER WALLS forces created by electrostatic effects and interfacial surface tension.
HYDROBURN e-FUEL TECHNOLOGY OFFERS ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY BENEFITS :
IN BOILERS, FURNACES AND EXTERNAL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS:
HYDROBURN Power e- fuel produce MICRO EXPLOSIONS leading to secondary atomization which facilitates reduction in the air required for combustion because of more thorough mixing of the fragmented fuel droplets and combustion air. Reduced excess air reduces the conversion of fuel sulfur to SO3.
Reduction in SO3 conversion also reduces low temperature corrosion and inhibits the formation of acid mist. Furthermore, decreased excess air inhibits the oxidation of vanadium pentoxide, which reduces corrosion, and the deposition of vanadium complexes on the fireside of the boiler. Flame length and lower excess air should be the key contributor leading to lower fireside fouling.
POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF HYDROBURN POWER e- FUEL:
Improved Combustion Properties
Resulting Operational Benefits
TYPE : AQUATHERM-4031
Fully Automatic Water
MODEL : ATH-02/L/12
FUEL : LDO / HSD
YEAR : 1997
POWER SUPPLY : 415 V ,3 PHASE 50 CYCLES
CONNECTED LOAD : 5 K.W
OUTPUT : 0.23 M.W
MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE : 140 DEGREES C
MANUFACTURER : THERMAX LTD,
PUNE-41101I. BOILER FUEL CONSUMPTION DETAILS:
WITH HIGH SPEED DIESEL (HSD) AS FUEL : 200 LITRES FOR
16 HRS WORKING
WITH HYDROBURN e-FUEL OF (25% WATER AND 75 % HIGH SPEED DIESEL)
AS FUEL : 150 LITRES FOR
16 HRS WORKING
FUEL SAVINGS PER DAY : 50 LITRES
In summary, e- fuel will solve a major problem confronting utilities today--the need to reduce unburned carbon and O2 to produce more complete combustion minimizing particulate emissions and fireside fouling.
HYDRODRIVE HYDROBURN POWER e- FUEL SYSTEM FOR A BOILER:
RESPECTED FORMER PRESIDENT OF INDIA -DR.A.P.J.ABDUL KALAM INSPECTING THE HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL SYSTEM:
HYDRODRIVE POWER e- FUEL FLAME IN A BOILER
BRIEF VIDEO AT:
HOW MUCH FUEL AND CASH YOU SAVE IN A TYPICAL INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION ?.http://khup.com/view/18_
HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL FEATURES:
ADD ON DUAL FUEL SYSTEM CONVERSION:
This conversion is completely reversible i.e. the add-on conversion
unit can be easily removed.
* Preheats fuel using the engine’s coolant
before engine shut down and run engine with conventional fuel for 5
minutes before shut down to ensure NO WATER in the combustion
cylinders and in the fuel pump and fuel system.
POWER e-FUEL when engine warms up.
Nano cluster water rich in wet electrons carrying a charge enable the droplets to encase the fuel
oil. Each water droplet has a charge that enables it to bind with diesel
or gasoline or most of the oils. This premix water is mixed onboard vessel/vehicle or on-site
using the proprietary patented synthesizer for Molecular Engineering
with a fuel mixing equipment to produce water-in-diesel e- fuel.
No stability issue.
EMULSIFIED FUEL DAMAGE THE ENGINE?
The CEN Says
IS EMULSIFIED FUEL SAFE?
chambers and exhaust line
upon entering hot combustion chamber of diesel engine/gasoline
not known to cause damage to turbine blades.
fuel injection pumps.
OF THE SPECIFIC FUEL CONSUMPTION WITH POWER e-FUEL/WATER EMULSIFIED DIESEL IS
ATTRIBUTED TO THE FOLLOWING EFFECTS:
(1) Formation of a finer spray due to rapid evaporation of
(2) More air entrained in the spray due to increased momentum and
(3) More fuel burning in premixed combustion due to a longer ignition
Increase in the local excess air ratio due to the water content.
in cooling loss due to a lower flame temperature.
Suppression of thermal dissociation.
(7) More combustion product gas due to water vapor
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN HYDROBURN POWER e-FUEL IS INJECTED INTO AN ENGINE ?.
Due to the discrepancy of the boiling point between the diesel and the water (boiling point of water 100 degree C, boiling point of the diesel 185 degree C) so that the emulsion fuel drops divided into finer particles and its leads to increasing the volatility of the fuel and that affect clearly on the combustion efficiency. The mixture is immediately injected and atomized within the engine's combustion chamber. The heat inside the combustion chamber causes the water droplets to vaporize into steam. Creating the steam uses up energy and lowers the peak combustion temperature.At the same time, when the water droplets vaporize, they produce "micro-explosions" inside the surrounding fuel droplets. The micro-explosions expose more of the fuel's surface area to the air, which increases combustion. Just as a block of ice melts (i.e., releases energy) faster when it's shattered into small chips the fuel burns (releases energy) more completely after it has been shattered by the micro-explosions also release the water's two elements - hydrogen and oxygen. The additional oxygen inhibits the formation of the compound called PAH (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons). During combustion, PAH is not burned completely; the unburned PAH becomes particulate matter (PM). By reducing the amount of PAH,the additional oxygen also reduces the production of PM.
The reduction is on the order of two to three times the water content of the water-in-fuel emulsion (i.e., a 20% water content would reduce PAH- generated particulate matter by 40 to 60%).
The torque is a function of engine speed, at low speed, torque increase as engine speed increase, reaches a maximum value, then the speed increases. As the percentage of water in the emulsion increases, the torque produced will increase as shown below in the figure. This may be attributed to the additional force on top of piston provided by the pressure exerted by the steam. When the charge is fired in the cylinder, the water would turn to high-pressure steam. In addition, the higher viscosity of the emulsified fuel than that of the base fuel (diesel) and the presence of water promote a finer, cloud like atomization of the emulsified mixture during injection. Result is improvement of efficiency significantly.
ENGINE SPEED Vs ENGINE TORQUE WITH e-FUEL FOR DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT
The effect of the emulsion on the engine power is shown below. The power increases as engine speed increases, and decreases at higher speeds, this is because friction losses increase with speed and become the dominant factor at very high speed. Also the Fig.shows that the power increases slightly as the water percentage increases. The increase in power output for the emulsion is because water in the emulsion influences combustion of the fuel. It was found that the introduction of water in diesel prolongs the ignition delay. The ignition delay period is when the fuel that has been injected into the cylinder is undergoing chemical and physical preparation for combustion. Thus, the emulsion fuel requires less compression (negative) work than the diesel due to the longer ignition delay during the compression stroke. This helps to reach a higher peak pressure after TDC to produce more power output during the expansion stroke.
In addition, when the ignition delay increases, more diesels would be physically prepared (evaporation, mixing) for chemical reaction, which increases the amount of diesel burned and the rate of heat release in the premixed burning. This result enhances the combustion and improves the combustion efficiency.
ENGINE POWER Vs ENGINE SPEED WITH e-FUEL FOR DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT.
Figure below shows that as the water percentage in the emulsion increases, the brake efficiency causes the BSFC will increase then the efficiency will increase, this is because as the percentage of water in the emulsion increases, a larger amount of diesel is displaced by an equal amount of water. This means that less diesel fuel is actually contained within each volume of the emulsion. It is clear from Figure below that as the percentage of water of the emulsion increases, BSFC of diesel decreases. The minimum value occurs at a water percentage 25% by volume.
ENGINE BRAKE EFFICIENCY Vs ENGINE SPEED WITH e-FUEL FOR DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT.
COMPARISON OF EMULSIFIED FUEL AND RESIDUAL FUEL OIL
CONVENTIONAL MOLECULAR ENGINEERED
MOLECULAR ENGINEERED EMULSIFICATION
The immiscible water phase acts as an ion -sink for the charged species in the oily solvent.
Ions from the oil strongly partition into the higher dielectric constant water phase.
Ion drainage and self-charging through preferential partitioning are intrinsic properties of oil-water mixtures.
Electric field/charge-drives particle adsorption.
CONVENTIONAL FUEL-OIL FLAME
FLAME DUE TO SECONDARY ATOMIZATION BY e-FUEL
SCALING AROUND TUBES WITH CONVENTIONAL FUEL
BOILER AFTER BURNING e- FUEL FOR 3 MONTHS
BOILER PHOTOGRAPHS WITH HYDROBURN TECHNOLOGY IN USE
EMULSIFIED FUEL COMBUSTION IN A GAS TURBINE.
LOAD TEST RESULTS
TESTS CONDUCTED IN AN ENGINEERING COLLEGE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
LABORATORY AT COIMBATORE.
Water-cooled, Vertical, 4 stroke cycle, Direct injection, Naturally aspirated.
Gravity feed fuel system with efficient paper element filter, Force Feed
Lubrication to main and large end bearings and camshaft bush,
Suitable for run- through or thermosyphon cooling
FOLLOWING TABLES SHOWS LOAD TEST RESULTS FOR DIESEL
The FUEL CONSUMPTION in ALL TABLES BELOW include the PROPORTIONATE
VOLUME OF WATER in the DIESEL which would mean DEFINITE FUEL SAVINGS
to the extent of VOLUME/WEIGHT of water in the mix though the values of
TFC and SFC appear to be more or less same or slightly more than that recorded
for 100% diesel against particular loads. It should be appreciated that the fuel pump
is a constant discharge pump.
FOR 90% diesel + 10% water:
FOR 80% diesel+ 20% water:
70% diesel + 30% water:
FOR 60% diesel + 40% water:
TEMPERATURE FOR VARIOUS PERCENTAGE OF WATER IN THE DIESEL
VARIOUS LOAD CONDITIONS:
HYDROBURN WATER FUEL FLAMES WITH 50% WATER AND 50% DIESEL MOVIE AT:
Hydroburn Emulsified Power Fuel Burns With Micro Explosions ! - from
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